Friday, June 17, 2016

Nano Tank Build: NUVO Concept Abyss Peninsula Drop Off Aquarium





As reef hobbyists, we have long been trying to find creative ways to replicate what Mother Nature has done so well. Innovative Marine has just released 3 very unique aquariums that allow hobbyists to take their imaginations even further and create an aquarium that is truly stunning.




The Nuvo Concept line includes the Abyss Drop-Off Peninsula, Abyss Drop-Off Panorama and the Cylindar Atoll aquarium. In this video, we are going to go through a complete set-up of the Peninsula Drop-Off tank at our headquarters here in Sunny Southern California.

The Drop-Off Peninsula aquarium has total water volume of 20 gallons and is quite gorgeous even when empty. The thick, ultra-clear, 8mm acrylic along with the black filter chamber and the pearl-white pedestal really show the high quality of construction.



The Innovative Marine Desktop Ghost Protein Skimmer helps keep the sleep look to the aquarium. This protein skimmer hides nicely in the back filtration chamber.  This skimmers work great for small tanks and will keep organic waste levels low.



The filtration can be enhanced by replacing the stock filter sock with the CustomCaddy20. Running filter floss for mechanical filtration and AquaMaxx All-In-One Media for chemical filtration. The All-In-One media is really cool because it several types of media including activated carbon, a phosphate-removal resin and an organic-removal resin.  This will not only keep our water crystal clear but also help reduce organic waste and prevent the growth of nuisance algae.

A 100W Cobalt Aquatics Neo-Therm Heater is being used to keep water temperatures stable and a tiny Hydor Koralia Nano will be used to provide additional water circulation and can be easily hidden within the rock work.




Last but not least, a MaxSpect Celestial will provide lighting for the fish and corals. With its built-in controller, versatile mounting arm, and great price the Celestial is a great fit for this tank.

Now that the equipment is out of the way, we are ready to add some CaribSea sand and rock to the aquarium.  The dual-tier design allows you to simulate a natural reef drop-off zone. This tank is definitely quite a departure from the traditional aquarium but it looks great from all angles and allows you to get really creative with the aquascape.

Because these concept tanks are small, fish that do not grow large and do not require a ton of swimming space are ideal choices. We have decided on a couple of chalk basses, a yasha hashi goby with a pistol shrimp and a pygmy hawk fish.  Our clean-up crew consists of a few Nassarius and Astrea snails.




Working in an office full of reef nerds made filling the aquarium with corals a piece of cake. We are always growing and trading corals amongst each other here in the office and our generous staff provided all of the coral you see in this tank.

With a little effort, and a lot of fun, we were able to create something very unique with the Abyss Drop-Off tank. Now we can just sit back and enjoy the fruits of our labor.

In addition to the Drop-off Peninsula, the Drop-Off Panorama and Atoll tanks are also great options.  We can see doing a similar Aqua scape in the Panorama tank because the shape of the tank is the same as the Peninsula but the filtration compartment is shifted over to the long side of the tank.  The cylinder Atoll is perfect for a center island aquascape and makes for an amazing top-down view.

- Take Care and Happy Reefkeeping.

Friday, June 10, 2016

Finding Dory: How to Care for a Clownfish (“Nemo”) in a Saltwater Aquarium




With Finding Dory coming out, we wanted to give you guys some important tips for keeping clown fish happy and healthy in your aquarium.



The cartoon character Nemo was inspired by an Ocellaris Clown fish. Thanks to the Pixar movies, clown fish have become the most iconic marine aquarium fish. What some of you may not know is that there are actually two different species of clown fish that look very similar; the Ocellaris and Percula clown fish.  Behavior and care requirements for these fish are very similar. The common name “Clown fish” can actually be used to reference any one of the thirty different species in this family of fishes.

The cool thing about these classic orange, black and white colored fish is that they are a very sustainable aquarium animal. Many of the clown fish that you see in local fish stores are captive-bred; which significantly reduces the impact on the environment.

Another positive result of captive-breeding is the creation of designer clown fish. Many of these clown fish sport amazing patterns, coloration and other physical traits that make them even more desirable to hobbyists. Main Blizzard, Picasso, Mocha Ice and DaVinci are just some of the unique names given to these designer clown fish.



Clown fish are also called anemone fish because they form a symbiotic relationship with sea anemones that is mutually beneficial.  Clown fish have evolved to become resilient to the harsh stings of sea anemones and spend their lives living amongst the tentacles of the anemone.  The stinging tentacles of the anemone wards off clown fish predators; while the clown fish provide nutrients for the anemone and keep other pesky fish from harming the anemone.

The fascinating behavior of forming a relationship with an anemone can be achieved in an aquarium but it seems that clown fish are not all that picky in terms of what they host.  We have witnessed clown fish host in various types of corals including Frogspawn, Flowerpot corals, Large Mushrooms, Leathers, Xenia and even hair algae!  On the flip side, some clown fish refuse to host inside anything no matter what you have in the tank.




Clown fish grow to be a maximum size of about 4” long and can easily kept in an aquarium that is 20 gallons or larger.  They can be kept alone or in pairs. Keeping them in groups or harems is possible but can be very challenging because aggression will grow amongst the fish as they mature.

Clown fish are one of the best and most popular fish for first time saltwater aquarists.  They are very hardy and easily adapt to an aquarium environment.  They are quite territorial especially if they are breeding so if you plan to keep other fish in the tank, be sure the tank is plenty big enough to give the clown fish some breathing room.

Many hobbyists keep clown fish in mated pairs and it is not uncommon for clown fish to breed inside your tank. However, the babies that hatch will quickly be eaten by both their parents and other fish in the tank if the eggs are not removed to a separate breeding tank.  Raising clown fish fry can be a little tricky because the proper food for baby clown fish is difficult to provide in the appropriate amounts while keeping optimal water conditions.



Clownfish are naturally omnivorous and feed mostly on zooplankton and the occasional anemone tentacle.  Feeding a variety of frozen and prepared flake or pellets foods works great for clown fish. Once established into an aquarium they are vigorous eaters and are not picky.

The work of Disney Pixar has really inspired a whole new generation of aquarium hobbyists.  All of us here at MD do our very best to ensure long happy lives for the animals in our aquariums and strive to provide you with the best information to help make your aquarium experience a success.

- Take Care and Happy Reefkeeping.

Thursday, June 09, 2016

Neptune Systems Launches new Apex Aquarium Monitoring and Control System






In its 20th year delivering industry-leading technology for aquariums around the world, Neptune Systems launches the 2nd edition of its flagship Apex monitoring and control system. This new Apex brings important advances in many areas, as well as the first Internet of Things (IoT) platform for Aquariums.




“For over five years, the current Apex has helped tens of thousands of aquarists have more successful aquariums, prevented countless catastrophes, and provided a better environment for aquatic animals. This new Apex takes aquarium monitoring and control to the next level with exciting new technologies,”says Terence Fugazzi, Vice President, Sales and Marketing.

Building on the success of the current Apex System and its cloud-based Apex Fusion interface used by tens of thousands of aquarium enthusiasts worldwide, advancements in this new Apex fall into these main categories:




Ease of use

Now with integrated 802.11g/n wireless technology and a new mobile app, owners of this Apex will easily connect it to their home Wi-Fi, set it up quickly, and begin receiving the benefits of aquarium monitoring and control in less than 15 minutes. Also, when any new update to the Apex Operating System (AOS) is available, the user is notified, and can perform the update from their mobile device, even over Wi-Fi, in a matter of seconds.




New Energy Bar controls more devices

Included with this new Apex System is an entirely redesigned power distribution device called the Energy Bar 832. The Energy Bar 832 not only has eight 120V, 7A outlets to power and control equipment, but it has three 1LINK ports with a built-in 100W 24VDC power supply as well. The 1LINK ports can be used to connect Neptune Systems DŌS dosing system, WAV powerheads, and future products as well. The 1LINK interface provides both the power and communication for these devices. A power supply brick and power cord is unnecessary for any of these three 1LINK connected devices – reducing the usual wire clutter under an aquarium. In addition to the eight AC outlets and three 1LINK ports, there are also two switched 24VDC ports as well for use with fans, small pumps, solenoid valves, DIY, and future accessories from Neptune Systems.




Power monitoring

A large cost of owning an aquarium is the power it takes to run it. Ironically, inefficient use of power on an aquarium harms the environment and the oceans’ reef ecosystem as well. To answer both these concerns, each outlet on the Energy Bar 832 has its own power monitoring capability. Power monitoring, historical tracking and alerts on each outlet means that you can make more sound equipment choices or run equipment in a more energy-conscious manner. It can even send you a text alert when a device is using too much or too little power when compared to its normal operation. With this Apex, aquarists now have a tool to do their part to save energy to reduce not just their costs, but their carbon footprint as well.




3rd-party aquarium device interoperability and the creation of the IoTa™ (Internet of Things, aquariums) platform

Customers should have the freedom to choose which products they want to integrate into their aquariums – without giving up the ability to control them or requiring multiple apps to do so. Building on Neptune Systems’ successful Apex Ready program, and its commitment to supporting an open system that encourages integration of 3rd-party aquarium devices, this Apex provides a new integration platform called IoTa™ (Internet of Things, aquariums) that keeps the future in mind – specifically, control and integration of these 3rd party pumps, lights, and other devices that use a Wi-Fi interface. With IoTa™, customers can bring all their aquarium devices under the control of one interface, Apex Fusion, and integrate their operation. In the coming months, Neptune Systems will release an open-standard IoTa API whereby other manufacturers can make their products controllable by the Apex over Wi-Fi.




Additional monitoring and control capabilities

In addition to monitoring all the same water parameters as the current Apex, this new Apex System also includes the connections and probes to monitor ORP and Salinity as well. The included pH and ORP probes are also now double-junction so they have a longer life expectancy and require less frequent calibration.



AquaBus interconnect maintains backward compatibility

This Apex uses the same AquaBus interconnect system so current Apex owners can move to this new Apex without sacrificing the investment they have already made in modules and accessories.

“Since the beginning my goal was to help aquarists be more successful, prevent aquarium-ending catastrophes and allow people to spend more time enjoying the beauty of their aquariums for many years. I believe the enhancements in this new Apex give our customers exactly what they need to make that possible.” said Curt Pansegrau, President and company founder.

This next generation Apex System will have a retail price of $799.95 and will be in stock at Marine Depot soon. Pre-order today to reserve a unit from our first shipment!

Thursday, June 02, 2016

Finding Dory: How to Care for a Blue Tang in a Saltwater Aquarium





All of us here at MD are getting pretty excited for new Disney-Pixar film Finding Dory.  With the original film Finding Nemo we saw a huge increase in demand for keeping Clownfish and Blue Tangs in an aquarium.  As responsible aquarists, we thought it would be a great idea to take you guys through a complete overview of how to properly care for these animals in a home aquarium.

In this video we will take a look specifically at the Regal Blue Tang which is the real life fish that inspired the quirky character Dory.

The Regal Blue Tang is a species of surgeonfish native to the Indo-Pacific region. Quite a few different common names are used to refer to this species including Regal or Royal Blue Tang, Hippo Tang, Pallete Surgeonfish and Pacific Blue Tang.  These fish are some of the most popular and iconic marine aquarium fish.  They grow to a maximum size of 12” long and can live up to 20 years in captivity.


It is important to understand that these fish need a tank that is plenty big enough to house them.  We generally recommend a tank that is a minimum of 48” long with plenty of open space to swim because we know Dory loves to “just keep swimming”.

It is likely you will see these fish available in various sizes at your local fish store.  I have seen them as small as 1” long all the way up to a full grown adult.  Please don’t let this fool you; the small 1” long Blue Tang will quickly outgrow a small aquarium and needs the proper tank size for a happy healthy life in captivity.  If getting a large tank is not something you can do; consider a similar looking fish that stays small such as a Yellow Tail Blue Chromis.

It is best to get a tang that is no less than three inches long, is not thin and shows no signs of parasites or disease. The truth is that these fish are highly susceptible to parasites as well as head and lateral line disease so a quarantine period can help to ensure your new fish is healthy before being introduced into your display tank.

Proper nutrition is key to the health of Royal Blue Tangs.  Naturally they are omnivorous feeding on zooplankton and grazing on algae. It is widely known that providing an herbivorous food source in addition to meaty foods is important to the survival of these fish in an aquarium.


We stock a variety of different seaweed that is great for Blue Tangs including the Julian Sprung SeaVeggies, Ocean Nutrition Seaweed Selects and V20 Aquarium Foods Seaweed.  All of these foods come in a flat sheet and it is best to anchor the sheet in your tank and let the tang naturally graze.  A seaweed clip comes in handy or you can also consider the Innovative Marine Gourmet Grazer and Two Little Fishies Pouch Feeder.  These clips and feeders make it much easier for the fish to graze on the seaweed, makes it easier for you to feed and prevents the seaweed from spreading around your tank.

It may take some time for new fish to become accustomed to feeding from a clip or grazer but rest assured, once the fish discover the tasty treat they will quickly learn to target the clip or feeder for food.


You can also considered using a prepared diet that is formulated specifically for herbivorous fish.  The Rod’s Food Seaweed Blend, New Life Spectrum AlgaeMaxx, and Ocean Nutrition Formula Two are all excellent options for feeding a Blue Tang.

As with most marine fish, keeping your water clean and properly oxygenated is important.  Be sure to employ a protein skimmer and maintain your tank regularly.  Regal Blue Tangs are naturally found in reef zones so strong flow is ideal. They naturally take cover in corals and rock crevices so a few good hiding spots will help them feel comfortable in your tank. They are generally compatible with most other marine aquarium fish but be careful when keeping more than one in your tank. Two regal tangs in the same tank can show aggression towards each other.

Following these specific guidelines will really help you to succeed in keeping your very own Dory and if you are looking to get a Royal Blue Tang or have questions, our trained team of aquarium experts are happy to help you out.  Be sure to tune in next week because we will are going to release another video all about keeping a clownfish or “Nemo” in your aquarium.

-Take Care and Happy Reefkeeping.

Friday, May 20, 2016

How to Get Your Family More Involved in the Aquarium Hobby




Getting your family interested and involved in the aquarium hobby is a great way to not only strengthen your relationships but also allows you to spend the necessary time on your tank and not neglect what matters most in your life. It might also make it much easier to convince your spouse that it is a good idea to spend your mortgage payment on a bounce mushroom instead.


Visiting a public aquarium is hands down one of the best activities to spark interest in keeping an aquarium.  They provide an easy way for adults and kids alike to enjoy the beauty and experience the wonder of our world’s oceans and the animals that inhabit them.  When you get to the reef exhibit, be sure to stop and take a moment to impress your family with your knowledge of coral and fish identification.  Ask your kids or spouse what animals they found most interesting and keep something similar in your tank to engage them at home.

Feeding your fish and corals is probably the most fun part of keeping an aquarium.  I have never met a child who does find it fascinating to watch my fish eat.  Teach your children or spouse how to properly feed the aquarium and allow them to feed the tank with you.  This will lead to all kinds of great opportunities to explain why you are feeding a particular food and why it is important to feed them in a particular manner.


You can take this a step further and have your family members help with maintaining the tank.  I find offering a little reward for completing the task helps get the job done; especially if it involves cleaning a skimmer cup or filter sock.

Tell your spouse that if we can get the tank cleaned before dinnertime, lobster and steak is on the menu.   Before you know it, tank maintenance becomes a fun family activity that benefits not only you and your family but also the health of your aquarium.

After some time of keeping an aquarium, it is likely you will get pretty chummy with your local fish store.  It is not uncommon for many of us to visit a fish store on a weekly basis so why not bring the family along to find out where daddy is spending his Saturday afternoons.  Tell them to check out all the fish and show you which ones they like the best.  Maybe you can even convince the store clerk to schedule a special feeding just for you and the family.



Attend a frag swap and let your spouse or children choose your new coral or fish.  Rather than argue about which coral you can afford, let your kids or spouse pick out the new addition to your tank.  Give them a budget or specific option among some animals or coral that are suitable for your tank, and let them decide.  Even better yet, let them name the animal and learn how to care for it!  Frag swaps and aquarium club meetings are also family friendly and offer a great opportunity to meet like-minded people with families just like yours.  

Volunteer your time to help maintain an aquarium in the classroom.  While this may not be so easy for all of us it is a great way to engage your kids and teach them all about the biology inside an aquarium. Engaging your kid’s peers and creating excitement for keeping aquariums is one step closer to getting your children on board.  Plus, this will benefit your community and gets you involved in your child’s education in a way that is fun for both you and your kids.

Finally, you can consider getting your child or spouse a tank to call their own; within reason of course.  Marine Depot stocks a variety of small all-in-one aquariums that are easy to maintain and would be a great addition to your home.

API makes some great small tank kits that range in size from 1 to 3 gallons and are great for Betta Fish or a couple of small freshwater fish.




The JBJ Nano Cubes and Oceanic BioCubes are reasonably priced and include just about everything you need to get a Reef Tank up and running.  These tanks easily support a mixed reef that can house a variety beginner type corals such as Zoanthids, mushrooms, and leather corals.  Being a small tank you want to stick with small fish such as clownfish, chromis, damsels and small gobies; all of which are easy to keep and perfect for first time hobbyists.  

We do realize that getting an additional tank is a commitment but it is likely you already own everything you need to maintain the tank. In addition to being fun, maintaining an aquarium will help teach your kids responsibility and all about the circle of life.  A small nano-tank can also double as a great night light and even provide some relaxing water noise to help with getting to sleep.

Books, documentaries, and even the Disney-Pixar films Finding Nemo and Finding Dory can be great tools to keep your family engaged.

All of us here at Marine Depot want the best for you and your aquarium and hope that you might consider some of these activities to help promote responsible aquarium husbandry for the generations of fish-keepers to come.

-Take Care and Happy Reefkeeping.