Category Archives: How To

Setting up a saltwater fish tank

Now that you have all the supplies that you need to set up your saltwater fish tank where do you begin to set it up?  In this article we will go over in a step by step format of how to set up your aquarium.  This will be a general guideline and you may need to adjust […]


Can I Afford the time and expense of an aquarium?

People start keeping aquariums for various reasons. Some are motivated by the beauty of a well managed tank with the motion of various colored pretty fish, after seeing one in either a pet store, or on display at a friend’s house, simply as a pretty picture. The main first motivator for 99% of all hobbyists […]


How can I learn more before I buy?

There is a seemingly limitless amount if information available today to help the new aquarist in their effort to set up an aquarium. My first recommendation to anyone considering setting up an aquarium for their first time is to buy a good book structured towards the entry level aquarist. A quick read before you make […]


Are there different types of aquariums?

There are many different types of aquaria. Coldwater, tropical, fresh, salt, community, aggressive, fish only, planted, reef…..the list goes on and on. This is by no means an exhaustive list. The first major category split is the division into temperature -cold water, and tropical. Coldwater, for the most part, refers to goldfish aquaria, though there […]


Protein Skimmers & Protein Skimming

Along with the use of live rock, protein skimming or foam fractionation, which is the proper technical term, has revolutionized the keeping of marine animals. The underlying principle is quite simple in that all that is really necessary is for water to pass along a column of air. This process utilizes the unique properties of […]


Lighting a Reef Tank, Part 1 by Mike Paletta

Lighting a reef tank consists of more than putting a certain type or wattage of light over a tank. Many factors, such as size and depth of the tank and types of organisms kept, need to be considered first and foremost when setting up lighting for the tank. The cost of purchasing and running the […]


Calcium and Alkalinity Supplementation

As coral husbandry develops, so too does the means for providing adequate calcium for corals and other invertebrates. Since corals consume calcium at a relatively rapid pace, it is necessary to replenish calcium on a regular basis. Initially, the only method available was the use of calcium hydroxide dissolved in water (kalkwasser) to replace water […]


Reef Tank Maintenance, Part 2

The easiest measurement to take and the one most often overlooked is temperature. A good temperature range is 76-78 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower temperature will allow more room for error, as most biological processes will occur at a slower rate than they would at a higher temperature. A higher temperature’s advantage is that it may […]


Quarantine Methodology, Part 1 / Choosing your own style of prevention

It is pretty well agreed-upon that prevention is preferable to treatment for any disease. Surprisingly, aquarists do not often take this approach seriously. As unintentional as it may be, countless animals have been lost due to this negligence. A few well-planned steps of prevention can save a great deal of money and, more importantly, animal’s […]


Moving a Reef Tank, Part 1

Since we are in the midst of summer, we are also in the midst of moving season. Changes in jobs, school and other factors cause more and more of us to move every year. For all of you, who have considered moving your reef tank, always remember that a successful move is a well planned […]