Category Archives: Knowledge Base

Wet vs. Dry Skimming; a Foam Preference – Which is Better?

Reef aquarists may debate the topic but there is no disputing the science. Here is what the experts say is the most efficient way of removing organics with a protein skimmer.


Top Causes of Fish Death in the Aquarium

Few fish die of old age and many fish die shortly after they’ve been added to the tank. But why? In this article we discuss some of the top reasons fish die and what can be done to prevent it.


Common Nuisance Algae and How to Treat Them

Algae can enter your aquarium from introduced rocks, sand or frags, and when the conditions are right, algae will take advantage and become a nuisance, if left unchecked. Here are some of the most common nuisance algae we see in aquariums and methods to help prevent and treat them.


A Beginner’s Guide to Filter Media and How to use It

Not all forms of filtration media are needed in every aquarium. Some tanks can get by with just basic mechanical filtering in contrast to others using all other forms. So to ease any confusion we have put together a little beginner’s guide to the most used media in aquarium filtration and how it is used for you to decide which is right for your tank needs.


Salinity Meter: Calibration and How to Care for One

Salinity meters, whether hand-held or mounted inside the filter sump, are an easy way to measure salinity in your reef aquarium. Here’s what you need to know about a salinity probe and meter, their calibration and how to care for one.


4th Pillar of Reef Keeping – Chasing Coral Color & Growth

Welcome to Part 4 of this four-part series, Chasing Colors, Not Numbers, where we learn about the importance of proper filtration and its affect on your corals.


Protein Skimmer Types, Installation, and How to Maintain Them

As a beginner, it can be confusing with the different types of protein skimmers available. In this article we discuss each type of skimmer, installation basics, and troubleshooting.


How to use a Refractometer to Measure Salinity

A refractometer is considered by many to be a more accurate way to measure salinity. In this article we discuss what they are, how to use and calibrate them, with some extra useful tips.


Liquid Carbon Dosing Breakdown: Why and How to do It

At some point of keeping our aquariums we may have overheard someone from the reefing community talk about carbon dosing. They may say they’re adding vinegar to their tank or even vodka. Yes, vodka! You may have reacted to yourself “Um, what??” and under breath say “Like… one shot for me… and one shot for […]


Coral Tissue Necrosis – The Mystery of RTN and STN

Slow Tissue Necrosis (STN) and Rapid Tissue Necrosis (RTN) are two problems no reefer wants to experience with their coral. But What causes it? Is there a way to stop it? and Can it be prevented?