Category Archives: Maintenance

How to Remove Phosphates from a Saltwater Aquarium By Joseph Chang, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

A common problem in marine fish and reef aquarium systems is high levels of phosphate. Phosphate can come from food added to the aquarium, fish waste, fish and coral respiration, low-quality carbon, impure water added to the tank along with numerous other causes. Phosphate is present in every aquarium and exists in two forms: organic […]


Vacation Preparation: Readying Your Tank Before You Go By Keith MacNeil, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

I have been an avid aquarium hobbyist for many years and been working in the industry for well over 20. A common story I have heard far too many times is “I came home from vacation and everything in my tank was dead.” The last thing you want to come home to after a relaxing […]


How to Maintain Calcium and Alkalinity By R. Farnsworth, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

Calcium is an essential building block for wild and captive reefs alike. Calcium combines with carbonates (alkalinity) and other elements in the water to create calcium carbonate. Stony corals synthesize calcium carbonate along with trace elements from the water in order to build rigid skeletons which ultimately end up creating a foundation for wild reefs. […]


The ABCs of LEDs, Part 1 By Robert Farnsworth, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

Responsible reefkeepers know conservation is playing a huge role in the growth and evolution of the aquarium hobby. Yet, those outside the aquarium hobby sometimes fail to recognize how much we, as a community, truly care about Mother Earth and her oceans. We support efforts to eliminate abuses in collection, encourage captive breeding and propagation […]


How to Get Rid of Red Slime (Cyanobacteria) By Robert Farnsworth, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

Have you ever seen the movie Ghostbusters?Do you remember Slimer, the ugly spud-shaped ghost that left a nasty slime trail everywhere it went?While funny in the film, having slime inside your aquarium is no laughing matter. It consumes nutrients in your water, blankets coral and creates an unsightly aquascape.Cyanobacteria is classified as a photosynthetic organism with […]


How to Organize Your Aquarium Equipment by Jose Serrano, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

How many times has water fallen on the power strip you plug your aquarium supplies into? How often do you unplug the wrong piece of equipment because you have no idea which plug it is? Are your cables so intertwined they resemble braids of hair or worse, tangled into a veritable bird’s nest? Don’t worry: you are […]


Setting up a Biopellet Reactor By Murray W. Camp

So, you just purchased a new biopellet reactor. Congratulations! You may be saying to yourself: “what do I do now”? Hopefully, this article will answer some of your questions. What are biopellets? “Biopellets” are beads or pellets of a solid plastic, used in an upflow reactor, for nutrient control. The basic idea behind this methodology is that […]


Ecoxotic EcoPico: Plants & Parts

A week passed after filling my Ecoxotic EcoPico with reverse osmosis water and the tank was still cloudy. I was seriously regretting not rinsing the Seachem Flourite before putting the substrate inside my little tank. My boss hooked me up with some plants and rocks he’d received from members of SCAPE (Southern California Aquatic Plant […]


How and Why to Test Your Aquarium Water by Keith MacNeil, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

We all know we should test our aquarium water regularly. Yet many of us fall into the “well, the tank looks good… so there probably aren’t any problems” school of thought. Unfortunately this mentality often leads to major headaches down the road. Algae blooms seem to pop up out of nowhere. Corals once vibrant and […]


Reef Aquarium Maintenance Checklist by Keith MacNeil, MarineDepot.com Reef Squad

Every reef aquarist knows the importance of regular tank maintenance. This is especially true for those of us who have, for one reason or another, neglected our aquarium for a few months—sometimes even less time—and have seen firsthand how quickly things get unbalanced. Most of you know what I’m talking about: out of control algae […]