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Do I need live sand for my tank?

There is actually great debate surrounding sand and substrate choices– live sand included. You can find a wonderful article discussing the merits of various sand bed types here: Great Substrate Debate. So… What is live sand and what does it do? “Live sand” is a loosely used term to describe fine, usually aragonite based sand that […]

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Items needed for a Reef aquarium

When considering setting up a reef aquarium, it is important to get a starting list of items that will be needed to properly set up the aquarium.  There are many items that are needed for a tank to be properly set up and some that are not needed, but are nice to have for the tank.  We […]

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FAQ: Items needed for a Marine Fish aquarium

When considering setting up a marine fish aquarium, it is important to get a starting list of items that will be needed to properly set up the aquarium.  There are many items that are needed for a tank to be properly set up and some that are not needed, but are nice to have for the […]

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Setting up a saltwater fish tank

Now that you have all the supplies that you need to set up your saltwater fish tank where do you begin to set it up?  In this article we will go over in a step by step format of how to set up your aquarium.  This will be a general guideline and you may need to adjust […]

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Can I Afford the time and expense of an aquarium?

People start keeping aquariums for various reasons. Some are motivated by the beauty of a well managed tank with the motion of various colored pretty fish, after seeing one in either a pet store, or on display at a friend’s house, simply as a pretty picture. The main first motivator for 99% of all hobbyists […]

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How can I learn more before I buy?

There is a seemingly limitless amount if information available today to help the new aquarist in their effort to set up an aquarium. My first recommendation to anyone considering setting up an aquarium for their first time is to buy a good book structured towards the entry level aquarist. A quick read before you make […]

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Are there different types of aquariums?

There are many different types of aquaria. Coldwater, tropical, fresh, salt, community, aggressive, fish only, planted, reef…..the list goes on and on. This is by no means an exhaustive list. The first major category split is the division into temperature -cold water, and tropical. Coldwater, for the most part, refers to goldfish aquaria, though there […]

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Protein Skimmers & Protein Skimming

Along with the use of live rock, protein skimming or foam fractionation, which is the proper technical term, has revolutionized the keeping of marine animals. The underlying principle is quite simple in that all that is really necessary is for water to pass along a column of air. This process utilizes the unique properties of […]

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Lighting a Reef Tank, Part 1 by Mike Paletta

Lighting a reef tank consists of more than putting a certain type or wattage of light over a tank. Many factors, such as size and depth of the tank and types of organisms kept, need to be considered first and foremost when setting up lighting for the tank. The cost of purchasing and running the […]

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Calcium and Alkalinity Supplementation

As coral husbandry develops, so too does the means for providing adequate calcium for corals and other invertebrates. Since corals consume calcium at a relatively rapid pace, it is necessary to replenish calcium on a regular basis. Initially, the only method available was the use of calcium hydroxide dissolved in water (kalkwasser) to replace water […]

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