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Calcium and Alkalinity Supplementation

As coral husbandry develops, so too does the means for providing adequate calcium for corals and other invertebrates. Since corals consume calcium at a relatively rapid pace, it is necessary to replenish calcium on a regular basis. Initially, the only method available was the use of calcium hydroxide dissolved in water (kalkwasser) to replace water […]

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Reef Tank Maintenance, Part 2

The easiest measurement to take and the one most often overlooked is temperature. A good temperature range is 76-78 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower temperature will allow more room for error, as most biological processes will occur at a slower rate than they would at a higher temperature. A higher temperature’s advantage is that it may […]

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Quarantine Methodology, Part 1 / Choosing your own style of prevention

It is pretty well agreed-upon that prevention is preferable to treatment for any disease. Surprisingly, aquarists do not often take this approach seriously. As unintentional as it may be, countless animals have been lost due to this negligence. A few well-planned steps of prevention can save a great deal of money and, more importantly, animal’s […]

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Moving a Reef Tank, Part 1

Since we are in the midst of summer, we are also in the midst of moving season. Changes in jobs, school and other factors cause more and more of us to move every year. For all of you, who have considered moving your reef tank, always remember that a successful move is a well planned […]

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Additives and Trace Elements

As your reef tank ages, functions of some elements and compounds within the system begin to diminish. Major elements like calcium are consumed, as are many of the trace elements like iodine or iron. For this reason, some elements and trace elements need to be added to a reef tank on a regular basis. In […]

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Producing Water Movement

Until recently the one aspect of a reef tank that was most often overlooked was water movement. Creating adequate water movement can be one of the least expensive aspects of setting up a reef tank, but it is one of the most important. Proper water movement is important for a number of reasons. First of […]

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Protein Skimming

Considering all of the equipment that has come on the market over the past two decades, the only piece of equipment that remains indispensable is the foam fractionator or protein skimmer. Its use has revolutionized the keeping of marine organisms, especially corals and other marine invertebrates. It is called a protein skimmer, due to proteins […]

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Reef Tank Maintenance, Part 1

Setting up a tank and getting it to run successfully is fun and exciting. Maintaining it properly is neither fun nor exciting, but it is crucial to the long-term health and success of the tank and its inhabitants. Unfortunately, the mundane task of maintenance is an often-overlooked aspect of a successful tank. While maintaining a […]

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Nitrate and Phosphate Removal and Control

One of the main reasons that reef hobbyists give up their tanks is that they grow tired of constantly battling algae. Eliminating algae completely is quite difficult, but it is very possible to control its growth. This can be done once an understanding of what produces algae is achieved. The two major culprits for the […]

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Coral Propagation… It’s not just for Coral Farmers! Part 2

In part one of this article, I offered a simple introduction to endeavors of coral propagation. As marine aquarium hobbyists and reefkeepers, we are reminded of the need to understand how and when to propagate our corals, almost every month or week, as we watch them grow. At minimum, we propagate corals to prune growth […]

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